Glucocorticoid-induced Osteoporosis: An Update

This review focuses on recent developments in the understanding of epidemiology, pathophysiology and management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis and the implications for clinical practice. 10 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Glucocorticoid-induced Osteoporosis

This article discusses the deleterious effects of glucocorticoids on bone health that can result in fractures. 4 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Frailty Index of Deficit Accumulation and Falls: Data from the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW) Hamilton Cohort

The authors investigated the association between frailty index (FI) or deficit accumulation and risk of falls, fractures, death and overnight hospitalization in women 55 years and older utilizing data from the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW) Hamilton cohort. 11 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Comparison Between Frailty Index of Deficit Accumulation and Phenotypic Model to Predict Risk of Falls: Data From the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW) Hamilton Cohort

This publication describes an investigation of the predictive accuracy of the frailty index of deficit accumulation and the phenotypic frailty model at predicting fall and fracture risk in women 55 years and older. 14 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Osteoporosis in Frail Patients: A Consensus Paper of the Belgian Bone Club

In this consensus paper, the Belgian Bone Club aims to provide a state of the art on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of osteoporosis in frail individuals, including patients with anorexia nervosa, patients on dialysis, cancer patients, persons with sarcopenia, and the oldest old. 20 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Beyond Mobility Assessment: Timed up and go Test and its Relationship to Osteoporosis and Fracture Risk

The authors  assessed the relationship between mobility status using TUG test, bone mineral density (BMD), and different fracture risks predicted by different tools. Poor timed up and go test results are associated with lower bone mineral density and higher estimated ten year fracture risk. 5 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Predicting Falls and When to Intervene in Older People: A Multilevel Logistical Regression Model and Cost Analysis

The authors carried out research in the UK to develop a falls risk model, using routine primary care and hospital data to identify those at risk of falls and ways to improve savings through referrals. 13 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Prevalence and Determinants of Osteoporosis in Patients with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes-specific parameters did not predict BMD. Fracture occurrence was similar in both diabetes groups and related to lower BMD, but seems unrelated to the threshold T-score, <−2.5 SD. These results suggest that osteoporosis, and related fractures, is a clinically significant and commonly underestimated problem in diabetes patients.13 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Type 2 Diabetes and Risk of Hip Fractures and Non-Skeletal Fall Injuries in the Elderly: A Study From the Fractures and Fall Injuries in the Elderly Cohort (FRAILCO)

This article discusses a study investigating the risk of hip fractures and non-skeletal fall injuries in older men and women with and without type two diabetes. 12 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

The Effect of Chinese Martial arts Tai Chi Chuan on Prevention of Osteoporosis: A Systematic Review

The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence of the effects of Tai-Chi Chuan on bone mineral density and its potential for prevention of osteoporosis. 11 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

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