The authors investigated hypnotic use in older dementia patients as a potential risk factor for falls and bone fractures.  Through the use of a national inpatient database in Japan they found that short-acting benzodiazepine hypnotics and ultrashort-acting non-benzodiazepine hypnotics may increase the risk of bone fracture in hospitalized dementia patients.

This article speaks to the role of occupational therapy in assessing the person, the environment, and the occupation of people with dementia to prevent falls while improving independence and participation in daily activities.

This prospective study aimed to identify modifiable risk facts for falling in older people with mild to moderate dementia.

The authors undertook a qualitative study involving thematic analysis to explore the perceptions of older people with mild dementia and mild cognitive impairment and their family carers, about falling, fall risk and acceptability of fall prevention interventions. 

This article describes a nation-wide, population-based study reviewing data from all TBI hospitalizations for adults 65 and over between 2006 and 2011. The investigators found that fall-related TBI admissions increased 7% annually. Advanced age, comorbidity and the severity of the injury were independent predictors of TBI-related falls and mortality. 

This article provides a commentary of traumatic brain injury (TBI) related falls in older adults, common TBI sequelae, treatment, TBI-related dementia and chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

This downloadable pdf includes a clinical review presenting published evidence for the epidemiology, risk factors, prevention and management of fall post-stroke. 

This article aims to provide an overview of evidence which supports redesign of fall prevention programs for patients who have experienced a stroke. Included is a recommendation for fall risk screening and assessment that includes known stroke-specific risk factors such as hemiparesis, hemiplegia, aphasia and visual neglect or loss.  Redesign should also be informed by knowledge of differences between left and right brain stroke manifestations.

This article describes a retrospective evaluation of assessments from the community delivery of the Free From Falls (FFF) multi-factorial fall prevention group exercise and education program that was launched in 2011 by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. The findings suggest improved outcomes for people with MS such as improved balance confidence, balance performance, functional mobility and reduced falls.

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