This first report of the Older Persons’ Substance Misuse Working Group of the Royal College of Psychiatrists reviews risk factors, effects and complications, assessment, treatment and service models.

This report from the Canadian Institute for Health Information includes data on the most commonly used drugs, chronic conditions being treated by prescription medications, public drug program spending, how many seniors were using potentially inappropriate medications and how drug usage by seniors differs for those living in long-term care.  

This backgrounder provided by the Office of the Correctional Investigator in Canada was included in the 38th annual report to Parliament.  It provides an overview of issues of concern including access to programming, health care, conditions of confinement, post-release supervision, as well as recommendations for a nation older offender strategy.

This report by the Ontario Trillium Foundation on the challenges and opportunities of Ontario’s aging population including seniors groups at risk, ageism, elder abuse as well as community based solutions. 34 pages. Last reviewed February 2017.

This report from the Health Council of Canada provides an overview of issues related to the health disparities between First Nations, Inuit and Métis senior populations.  In comparison to the larger Canadian population, a significantly larger proportion of Aboriginal seniors live on low incomes and in poor health, with multiple chronic conditions and disabilities. 68 pages. Last reviewed February 2017.

This report establishes a clear snapshot of current seniors health care programs and services that can inform the design of future programs, plans and strategies to better address seniors', and their families needs.  Last reviwed February 2017.

This chapter of Women in Canada examines many aspects related to senior women in Canada, including their socio-demographic characteristics, life expectancy, living arrangements, social participation, Internet use, health, assistance with daily living and leading causes of death, as well as economic characteristics such as their labour force participation and income. The focus will be on recent patterns, with discussion of historical trends where appropriate, including selected analysis by ethnocultural diversity, Aboriginal identity and geographic region.  39 pages. Last reviewed February 2017.

This Canadian study validates cut-points for a frailty index (FI) to identify seniors at risk of a hospital-related event.  Information about the prevalence of frailty among Canada's community-dwelling seniors is important for policy development and health resources planning.  10 pages. Last reviewed January 2017.

This report reviews the lessons learned from a John A. Hartford Foundation Initiative.  Challenges encountered and key observations are shared to inform other academic institutions as well as private and public funders.

This report is about how countries are addressing this challenge by developing measures to ensure a high quality of long-term care – care that is safe, effective, and centred around the needs and abilities of the care recipients themselves. In most respects, endeavours to improve long-term care quality lag behind comparable efforts in the health care sector, but there are some excellent initiatives in some countries which combine measurement of clinical effectiveness with patientcentred approaches to improve the quality of life of people in need of care. Such new initiatives to stimulate quality improvement have gained ground alongside traditional regulatory approaches. There are interesting examples of public reporting of quality performance of care-providers which enable older people and their families to make informed choices, and quality grading systems which encourage providers to compete on care outcomes. 270 pages. Last reviewed January 2017.

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